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USEFUL INFORMATION ON POPULAR DOG BREEDS

 

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The information given is provided in good faith but should be used as a guide only.  Individual dogs vary and may not conform to the general breed characteristics.  No liability accepted for any errors or omissions in the information provided, or for any injury to individuals or property arising out of using this information to purchase a dog.  Not all dogs of a certain breed will necessarily have all the health problems mentioned, it is just a guide so you know what to check for as far as health checking with the puppies parents goes.

For more information on these breeds and other less common breeds, please visit www.petplanet.co.uk/petplanet/breeds/dogs-breeds.htm

Some sources of research  for completion of this page are:-

Friends and owners of these breeds, my own experience of these breeds from training and behaviour work.

The Encyclopaedia of Dogs

Dogs Today magazine:- http://www.dogstodaymagazine.co.uk/

Pet Planet:- www.petplanet.co.uk/petplanet/breeds/dogs-breeds.htm

Below is a list of popular breeds and a little about each one, this is the basic information and will help you decide if the breed is for you.

When you are choosing a dog, whether it is a puppy or a rescue, it is very important to look into the breed itself before making your mind up.  Every breed has been bred for a purpose or it would never have been here in the first place.  Although many breed now have had a lot of their natural instincts bred out, it is still likely to be there to some extent.

The best idea is to make a list of the dogs you like the look of and then go through your list and research each breed individually and make a decision on what you can cope with and what you are willing to do.

For example, if you want a small dog which is easy to train and good with children, do not seriously consider something like a Whippet.  Although they are small and get on ok with children, they are not easy to train and need a lot of exercise and don't play that much.

It is essential that you look at the dogs on your short list, in the flesh and speak to people who own them and get their honest opinion of what they are like.

Often bitches are easier than dogs in many breeds, but this is not always the case, so you need to find this out as well.  Do not just push aside a dog which looks like it may need a lot of grooming, when everything else seems perfect, look into exactly how much as something like a Sheltie does have a fairly long coat, but does not need a huge amount of grooming.

Also look into the space you have and amount of exercise you will be willing to give or are able to give the dog.  Some breed need a lot more exercise than others.

 

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AFFENPINSCHER

Originated:- Germany

Original Purpose:- Vermin destroyer

Size:- 9.5 to 11.5"

What are they like:- Lively, friendly, quite independent, can be a little sharp and protective at times, doesn't like strangers.

Ease of training:- Quick to learn, but you need to be consistent.

Coat Care:- Course and wiry coat, so shouldn't easily mat.  It is an easy care coat.

Suitable as a pet:- YES, gets on well with children and other pets, doesn't need huge amounts of exercise, but the more the better.

Health:- No known health problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

AFGHAN HOUND

Originated: - Afghanistan

Original Purpose:- Hunting large and small game and a watchdog for livestock.

Size:- 24.5" to 29.5"

What are they like:- Very independent, a proud breed, intelligent, cautious with strangers, will chase anything, can also be dominant and highly strung.  They look glamorous, but are not easy dogs.

Ease of training:- Not easy to train, they are a typical hound and they will respond badly to aggressive training methods.  You can not bully an Afghan!

Coat Care:- Long silky flowing coat which needs an awful lot of care and attention.  It will mat quickly and definitely needs a thorough comb through every day.  If you don't like grooming, don't by an Afghan!

Suitable as a pet:- No, definitely not a dog for the novice, cannot be allowed to run free, except in a very secure place.  They have also been known to be difficult with other dogs!

Health:- Cateracts, hyperthyroidism and can be sensitive to anaesthetics.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitch is likely to be less difficult, but neither are easy.

 

AIREDALE TERRIER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Hunting otters and other game and also a guard dog.

Size:- 22" to 24"

What are they like:- Stubborn, tough, watchful and can also be dominant.

Ease of training:- Will train very well in the right hands, needs an experienced owner to bring out the best in him, but does enjoy learning if trained in a fun but firm way.

Coat Care:- Harsh and wiry coat which needs little attention, but will need clipping/stripping about twice a year.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes with the right owner, but they can be difficult and will not back down to a challenge from another dog.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 17.  Ideally neither parents should have a higher score than the average.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches are easier to handle than the dogs in most cases.

 

AKITA 

Originated: - Japan

Original Purpose:- Fighting and hunting wild boar and bear.

Size:- 24" to 26.5"

What are they like:- Very aloof, intelligent, extremely strong willed, can be very dominant and will not be bullied.  Do not expect to force an Akita to do anything, you will usually lose!

Ease of training:- Not easy, but will respond to the right handling.  It is never advisable to challenge and Akita!

Coat Care:- Thick dense coat which will need thorough grooming when moulting, otherwise fairly easy to care for.

Suitable as a pet:- Definately Not, this is not for the novice, these dogs can be extremely difficult and have incredible strength.  They are often aggressive with other dogs, can be very dominant and have a very strong hunting instinct.  Do not just look at the cute face and handsome body and think this dog is for you, look much deeper and be prepared for a lot of hard work!

Health:- Auto-immune disease and eye problems.  Hip dysplasia with an average score of 11, ideally neither parents should have a score higher than the average.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches are slightly easier, but both can be difficult.

 

ALASKAN MALAMUTE

Originated: - Alaska

Original Purpose:- Sled dogs

Size:- 22.5" to 25.5"

What are they like:- Affectionate and loyal, they can be dominant and need a firm and confident owner.  Very friendly to everyone, but they are very strong.  Needs plenty of socialising as a puppy.

Ease of training:- Will train well in the right hands.

Coat Care:- Very thick coat, but doesn't need a lot of grooming except when moulting.  Will need a regular good comb through.

Suitable as a pet:- Not really, too large, too strong and need too much exercise.  These dogs cannot be allowed to run free, except in a very secure area, as you are likely to lose them.  Malamutes were bred to run, they will not cope with just a walk round the block!

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 13, ideally neither parents should have a higher score than the average.

Dog or Bitch:- Not much difference, bitches may be a little easier.

 

AMERICAN COCKER SPANIEL

Originated: - USA

Original Purpose:- Gundog

Size:- 14" to 15"

What are they like:- Lovable and playful, can be a little sensitive and cheeky and very sociable.

Ease of training:- Fairly easy, needs gentle handling, but can be a little stubborn at times.

Coat Care:- Needs a lot of grooming on the ears and feathering to keep them free from mats.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, they are very sociable and friendly most of the time.

Health:- Ear problems, eye problems, skin problems, luxating patella (dislocating knee) and auto-immune disease.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOG

Originated: - Australia

Original Purpose:- Cattle driving

Size:- 17" to 20"

What are they like:- Intelligent, very strong for their size, loyal, brave and alert.

Ease of training:- Eager to learn, therefore he needs a job to do.  He is great for obedience and agility etc, this will occupy his brain.  They get bored easily and could become a problem if constantly looking for something to do, as they will find their own  amusement!

Coat Care:-  Weather resistant tough coat, which needs little special care.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if kept occupied.  They need lots of exercise and remember they are very strong.  They need lots of socialising when young, to avoid problems later on.

Health:- Deafness, eye and skin problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either in the right hands.

 

AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD DOG

Originated: - USA

Original Purpose:- Sheepdog

Size:- 17.5" to 22.5"

What are they like:- Intelligent, very eager to learn, bonds closely with his owners, very active dog, needs to be occupied and does get bored easily. If bored he is likely to develop behaviour problems!  Needs lots of socialising when young and can be shy with strangers.

Ease of training:- Easy to train, but needs lots of Ease of training to keep his mind occupied.  He is ideal for obedience and agility etc, as this will keep him busy.

Coat Care:- Medium length coat which needs regular brushing, but does not need special care.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, BUT only with an active family who will use his brain and give him a job to do.   If this is not done, you could easily end up with behaviour problems!  They are not particularly noisy dogs.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with average score of 10, neither parents should ideally have a score higher than the average.  Eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either, in the right hands.

 

BASENJI

Originated: - Africa

Original Purpose:- Hunting Dog

Size:- 15.5" to 17"

What are they like:- Independent, likes company, forms a very strong bond with his owners.  These dogs do not bark, they yodel instead.  Basenji's cannot cope with draughts and cold and they hate the rain!  They can also be very protective.

Ease of training:- Not easy!  They are very stubborn and very strong willed.  You need to be clever to outwit a Basenji!  A Basenji is very unlikely to become an obedience dog, so don't expect miracles!

Coat Care:- Short coat, needs the occasional brush over with a soft brush or hound glove.  Basenji's are known to clean themselves like a cat.

Suitable as a pet:- Not really a novice dog, would be ok in the right hands because they like their own space and this should not be invaded.  Children MUST learn not to annoy them and care must be taken with their very strong protective instinct!  You MUST socialise your Basenji puppy well from very young, or you could have problems later on.  Can be difficult with other dogs!

Health:- Some kidney problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either in the right hands.

 

BASSET GRIFFON VENDEEN (GRAND)

Originated: - France

Original Purpose:- Hunting hare and deer in packs.

Size:- 15" to 16.5"

What are they like:- Lively, sociable, very loving, a bit sensitive but also stubborn.  They do know their own mind, as many hounds do.  They have a great nose and this will take their attention, so be careful not to lose him!

Ease of training:- As easy as can be expected from a typical hound! Although they are very clever, they are also stubborn.

Coat Care:- Rough coated and they always look scruffy.  Needs regular grooming.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, but needs plenty of exercise, lovely family dogs.

Health:- Some epilepsy

Dog or Bitch:- Either, both are lovely.

 

BASSET GRIFFON VENDEEN (PETITE)

Originated: - France

Original Purpose:- Hunting rabbits in packs.

Size:- 13.5" to 15"

What are they like:- Lively, sociable, very loving, a bit sensitive but also stubborn.  They do know their own mind, as many hounds do.  They have a great nose and this will take their attention, so again be careful not to lose him!

Ease of training:- As easy as can be expected from a typical hound! Although they are very clever, they are also stubborn.

Coat Care:- Rough coated and they always look scruffy.  Needs regular grooming.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, but needs plenty of exercise, lovely family dogs.

Health:- Some epilepsy

Dog or Bitch:- Either, both are lovely.

 

BASSET HOUND

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Hunting

Size:- 13" to 15" (very heavy for their height)

What are they like:- Stubborn, loving, sociable, they are great fun and cheeky dogs who are friendly to almost anyone.  They do enjoy company and won't like being left alone for long periods.

Ease of training:- Typically stubborn hound, kind and patient training will pay off, but don't expect too much.

Coat Care:- Short coat needs little grooming, BUT you MUST keep the folds of skin clean to avoid infection.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, great with children.  These dogs are prone to get fat, so watch the food!  Care must also be taken to ensure they get the right nutrition while growing, because they grow very heavy, very quickly!

Health:- Eye problems, elbow dysplasia, cancer and back problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Dogs can be more stubborn, but both are usually lovely.

 

BEAGLE

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Hunting in packs

Size:- 13" to 16.5"

What are they like:- Lively and sociable, brave, friendly and clever, but again can be stubborn.  They know what they want and will stick to it!

Ease of training:- Typical hound, tends to follow his nose so don't expect too much.  They have a very strong hunting instinct and can be very independent.

Coat Care:- Short coat needs little care.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, they do need plenty of exercise and be aware you may lose him when off the lead if he finds a trail to follow!

Health:- Eye problems

Dog or Bitch:- Either.

 

BEARDED COLLIE

Originated: - Scotland

Original Purpose:- Herding and droving sheep and cattle.  Bred to work on their own and use their initiative!  They have been bred to bark!

Size:- 20" to 22"

What are they like:- Very noisy, very clever, quick to learn, cheeky, very loving and bonds well with the family and often one person in particular.  Very independent and always knows best!  Loves company and hates being left out of things, they need lots of socialising when young or you are likely to have problems later on.

Ease of training:- Easy IF you go about it the right way.  They will NOT be bullied and like to make their own decisions.  They dislike being told what to do, you should ask a beardie and not tell one what to do!  Must be occupied and have a job or you are very likely to have behaviour problems, they are ideal for obedience and agility etc.

Coat Care:- Long coat, needs a lot of grooming.  Daily brushing is ideal, but a weekly thorough comb is essential to stop mats.  Be prepared to spend at least 1.5 hours doing this every week!

Suitable as a pet:- Only for an active household without very young children.  Beardies are very boisterous and bouncy and will knock small children over!  Be aware that dogs bred from working stock are completely different to the beardie we all know and love, they are VERY hard work and definitely NOT for the novice owner!

Health:- Hip Dysplasia average score of 11, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average.  Eye problems and allergies.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches tend to be more excitable.

 

BEDLINGTON TERRIER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Vermin destroyer and hunting hare and foxes.

Size:- 15.5 to 17.5"

What are they like:- Brave, playful, loving and bonds closely with their owners.  Can be aggressive with other dogs when challenged, don't be fooled by the cute looks!

Ease of training:- Quick to learn, but can be stubborn at times.

Coat Care:- Short and curly, needs regular grooming and will need the occasional trim.  Bedlingtons do not moult, so are ideal for owners with allergies.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, they love to play, just be aware of their ability to be a fearless fighter if challenged!

Health:- Eye problems, liver problems, copper toxicosis.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier.

 

BELGIAN SHEPHERD DOG (GROENENDAEL)

Originated: - Belgium

Original Purpose:- Herding

Size:- 22" to 26"

What are they like:- Energetic, alert with a need to work.  Can be shy with strangers, so needs lots of socialising when young. They bond closely with one person.

Ease of training:- They learn quickly and need a gentle but firm hand, they do not do well with aggressive training methods!  You are likely to see adverse reactions to rough handling!  Groen's are ideal for obedience and agility etc if trained in the correct way.

Coat Care:- Double coat which needs a fair bit of care, especially while moulting.  A good groom once a week is normally all this dog needs.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, IF properly socialised, reared and handled.  Not really a novice dog and needs plenty of exercise and a job to do!

Health:- Eye problems, Hip Dysplasia with average score of 11, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average.  Epilepsy is also known.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier.

 

BELGIAN SHEPHERD DOG (TERVUEREN)

Originated: - Belgium

Original Purpose:- Herding

Size:- 22" to 26"

What are they like:- Energetic, alert with a need to work.  Can be shy with strangers, so needs lots of socialising when young. They bond closely with one person.

Ease of training:- They learn quickly and need a gentle but firm hand, they do not do well with aggressive training methods!  You are likely to see adverse reactions to rough handling!  Terv's are ideal for obedience and agility etc if trained in the correct way.

Coat Care:- Double coat which needs a fair amount of care, especially while moulting.  A good groom once a week is normally all this dog needs.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, IF properly socialised, reared and handled.  Not really a novice dog and needs plenty of exercise and a job to do!

Health:- Eye problems, Hip Dysplasia with average score of 11, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average.  Epilepsy is also known.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier.

 

BELGIAN SHEPHERD DOG (LACKENOIS)

Originated: - Belgium

Original Purpose:- Cattle driving and guard dog

Size:- 22" to 26"

What are they like:- Tough and brave, but likes to learn.  They are a good guarder, but can be dominant with both dogs and people.  Needs lots of socialising when young.

Ease of training:- Needs to work and needs firm and confident handling

Coat Care:- Rough coated, would probably benefit from a trim every now and then, thorough grooming is essential.

Suitable as a pet:- Only if given plenty of exercise, lots to do and with a confident and experienced owner.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with average score of 11, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average.  Some epilepsy and some have a reaction to vaccinations and anaesthetics!

Dog or Bitch:- Dogs can be more dominant, neither are easy.

 

BELGIAN SHEPHERD DOG (MALINOIS)

Originated: - Belgium

Original Purpose:- Cattle driving and guarding

Size:- 22 to 26"

What are they like:- Brave, tough, intelligent, excellant guarding ability, very keen to work and bonds closely with his owner.  They can be dominant and difficult and they need a lot of socialising while young.

Ease of training:- Quick to learn, but does need a confident and experienced owner.

Coat Care:- Short coat, needs little attention except when moulting and then a thorough grooming is required.

Suitable as a pet:- Only in experienced hands, can sometimes be aggressive and needs a lot of exercise.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score 11, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems and can have reactions to vaccinations and aneasthetic.

Dog or Bitch:- Dogs may be more dominant.

 

BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG

Originated: - Switzerland

Original Purpose:- Cattle driving, tracking, watch dog and pulling carts.

Size:- 22.5 to 27.5"

What are they like:- Friendly, sociable, intelligent, can be stubborn and loves children and the family, but will be protective if required.

Ease of training:- Learns quickly with the right handling, this should be gentle and encouraging, but firm if necessary and he will be very responsive.

Coat Care:- Medium length coat, needs a good brush once a week and the feathers combed through.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if you have enough space to accommodate him.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 16, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, elbow dysplasia, heart problems and bloat.  These do not have a long life expectancy!

Dog or Bitch:- Either, but bitches may be easier.

 

BICHON FRISE

Originated: - France and Belgium

Original Purpose:- Companion and circus dogs

Size:- Approx. 11.5"

What are they like:- Lively, happy, playful, very sociable, intelligent and cheeky.

Ease of training:- Easy to train, loves learning tricks and showing off.

Coat Care:- Needs very thorough grooming every day and will also need regular trimming.  Bichon's do not moult, so are ideal for owners with allergies.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, loves everyone and is a great dog for all the family.  Ideal first dog or pet for the older child if you can cope with the coat, but you can always have them clipped off!

Health:- Eye problems, luxating patella and teeth/gum problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either, both are easy, bitches may be easier to house train!

 

BORDER COLLIE

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Sheep herding

Size:- 20.5 to 21.5"

What are they like:- Very keen to work, they must be occupied and are great for obedience and agility.  Quick learners, may herd and nip children if not kept amused, can be excitable and very obsessive.

Ease of training:- Needs firm, but gentle handling and they will learn both good and bad things very quickly.  They need lots of socialising while young to avoid problems later on.

Coat Care:- Medium length coat, some are short coated, but neither need excessive grooming.

Suitable as a pet:- No, unless you are prepared to occupy them both mentally and physically and they have a very strong herding instinct.  Working bred dogs can often be very difficult and sometimes snappy with other dogs and people.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 14, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems, some deafness and allergies.

Dog or Bitch:- Both can be difficult in the wrong hands!

 

BORDER TERRIER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Hunting

Size:- Approx 13.5"

What are they like:- Brave, stubborn, active and will get on well with the whole family.

Ease of training:- Fairly easy, quick to learn and will enjoy agility.

Coat Care:- Thick, course coat which will probably need hand stripping a couple of times a year and a good brush once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, but can sometimes be difficult with other dogs.

Health:- Eye problems and some heart problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Dogs can sometimes be dominant with other dogs.

 

BOXER

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:- Bull baiting, guarding, hunting and protection.

Size:- 21 to 25"

What are they like:- Very lovely, fun loving and boisterous dogs.  They need lots of exercise, very intelligent and can be protective!

Ease of training:- Will train well if you are patient and fair with them.  Boxers are slow to mature and need time to calm down.

Coat Care:- Short, easy care coat.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, in an active household with older children.  Boxers are likely to knock small children over with their bouncy behaviour.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 16, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, serious heart problems, cancer and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Dogs can be dominant and much stronger than the bitches.

 

BRIARD

Originated: - France

Original Purpose:- Herding and guarding.

Size:- 22 to 26.5"

What are they like:- Intelligent, brave, can be difficult and temperamental.  Some can also be dominant and need an experienced owner.

Ease of training:- In the right hands they will learn quickly and train well, but you really need to know what you are doing.

Coat Care:- Long coat which needs a thorough groom once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Not easy, definitely not for the novice.  They need plenty of exercise and must be well socialised while young.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 22, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems, bloat, heart and blood problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches are likely to be easier, but both can be difficult!

 

BULLDOG

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Bull Baiting

Size:- 14"

What are they like:- Happy, gentle, intelligent and affectionate.  usually very friendly with everyone, but can be stubborn.

Ease of training:- Not always easy to train, they can be independant and they need sensitive handling and a patient approach.

Coat Care:- Short coat, needs little care, but the folds of skin on the face need regular cleaning.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, they don't needs loads of exercise but do suffer in the heat!  Usually get on well with children because of their gentle nature.

Health:- Breathing problems and most cannot give birth naturally.

Dog or Bitch:- Either.

 

BULLMASTIFF

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Watch dog and guard dog.

Size:- 24 to 27"

What are they like:- Dominant, needs firm but gentle handling, sociable with people they know and protective of the family.  They need plenty of socialising when young and are very strong.

Ease of training:- Usually easy if handled properly, training must be consistant.

Coat Care:- Short and fairly easy to care for.

Suitable as a pet:- Most of the time, if you have the space for them, needs an experienced owner to bring them up properly.

Health:- Hip dysplasia with an average score of 29, neither parents should ideally not have a higher score than the average, eye problems, cancer and bloat.  Some have back problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches are likely to be easier.

 

BULL TERRIER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Dog Fighting.

Size:- 22"

What are they like:- Very strong for their size, can be stubborn but also very loving.  Sometimes independent, loves children, but they are keen fighters!

Ease of training:- Needs a firm hand and plenty of patience.

Coat Care:- Short, easy to care for coat.

Suitable as a pet:- Only if care is taken with other dogs, they are properly socialised when young and receive plenty of exercise.

Health:- Deafness and heart problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier.

 

CAIRN TERRIER

Originated: - Scotland

Original Purpose:- Vermin destroyer and hunting

Size:- 11 to 12.5"

What are they like:- Intelligent, brave, loves children and playing games.

Ease of training:- Needs a firm hand at times, will take advantage if allowed, but does enjoy training.

Coat Care:- Thick double coat, needs regular grooming and will usually need hand stripping.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, great family pet, loves people and will be willing to have a try at anything, but can be difficult with other dogs at times.  Great dog for older children because they love to play!

Health:- Eye and knee problems

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier.

 

CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Companion, especially for the ladies.

Size:- 13"

What are they like:- Very loving and intelligent, can be excitable (some colours more than others), can also be a little stubborn at times, but loves everyone and everything!

Ease of training:- Can be excellent, but can equally be stubborn and refuse!  They are quick to learn, especially if it benefits them and needs gentle handling.

Coat Care:- Fairly short coat, but has long feathers which will need regular combing.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, excellent first dog or older childs pet, loves company and enjoys plenty of exercise, but will cope with limited exercise if necessary.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 17, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, serious heart problems and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either, bitches can sometimes be easier.

 

CHIHUAHUA (LONG AND SHORT COATED)

Originated: - Mexico

Original Purpose:- Companion

Size:- 6.5 to 8"

What are they like:- Intelligent, very brave and definately not afraid to stand up for themselves if necessary!  They can be stubborn and will love their owner and often bond closely with one person.

Ease of training:- Can be very quick to learn and train well if given the chance.  Many people do not bother to train them because they are so small.

Coat Care:- Long coated dogs will need regular grooming, short coated dogs don't need so much attention.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, BUT care should be taken around children, as they are so small!

Health:- Heart problems, slipping patella and cleft palate.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

COCKER SPANIEL (ENGLISH)

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Gundog and flushing dog.

Size:- 15 to 16.5"

What are they like:- Happy, lively dogs, gets on well with everyone and everything, loves attention and plenty of exercise.

Ease of training:- Needs gentle but firm handling, clever and happy to learn.

Coat Care:- Feathering will needs regular grooming and some may need clipping a few times a year.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, very loving and friendly, great first dog or for an older child.  Some solid coloured dogs may suffer from "rage" syndrome!  Working bred dogs are different, they are much more active, need lots of exercise and must be kept occupied, they also have a very strong working instinct!

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 16, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems and kidney problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either.

 

DACHSHUND (STANDARD)

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:-Hunting dog, both above ground and below.

Size:- Chest girth of 13.5"

What are they like:- Usually very brave, independent, needs plenty of socialising when young and can be reserved with strangers.  They do have a strong hunting instinct!  Longcoated dogs tend to be easier and more gentle than the shortcoated dogs.

Ease of training:- Typical hound, can be stubborn and difficult at times, but with the right handling it is possible to train them fairly well.

Coat Care:- Comes in three coat types.  Longcoats will need regular grooming, wirecoats need some grooming and may need hand stripping, and the shortcoats will need little care.

Suitable as a pet:- Only if care is taken with their backs, as these dogs can have back trouble.  They have a strong hunting instinct and like to be active, but will cope with limited exercise of absolutely necessary.  Like the company of their own family and do not like strangers!

Health:- Back problems

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

DACHSHUND (MINIATURE)

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:-Hunting dog, both above ground and below.

Size:- Chest girth of 11.5 to 13.5"

What are they like:- Usually very brave, independent, needs plenty of socialising when young and can be reserved with strangers.  They can have a strong hunting instinct!  Longcoated dogs tend to be easier and more gentle than the shortcoated dogs.

Ease of training:- Typical hound, can be stubborn and difficult at times, but with the right handling it is possible to train them very well.

Coat Care:- Comes in three coat types.  Longcoats will need regular grooming, wirecoats need some grooming and may need hand stripping, and the shortcoats will need little care.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, they can often be easier than the Standards, but care should still be taken with their backs.  They enjoy exercise, but will cope with limited walks if necessary.

Health:- Some back problems

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

DALMATION

Originated: - Croatia and England

Original Purpose:- Carriage and stable dogs and watch dogs.

Size:- 21.5 to 24"

What are they like:- Very lively, independent, very active and friendly.  These are boisterous dogs and can be highly strung!

Ease of training:- Can be easy, but can also be stubborn.  They are very clever, but need a firm hand and an experienced owner.

Coat Care:- Short coat needs little attention.

Suitable as a pet:- Only for an active family, these dogs have been bred to run all day and will not cope with a short walk once a day.  A bored Dalmation could be destructive and cause you a lot of problems!

Health:- Dip Dysplasia with average score of 10, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, some deafness and kidney problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches are likely to be easier.

 

DEERHOUND

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Hunting large game

Size:- 28 to 30"

What are they like:- Very friendly and gentle, tend to be fairly calm and dignified dogs.  Can have a strong hunting instinct and will often chase as they are a sight hound.

Ease of training:- Quick learners if treated with respect, these dogs hate being bullied and will respond well to a gentle request and lots of praise.

Coat Care:- Rough coat needs a brush through once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Only for an active household with the space to accommodate their size.  They must have plenty of chances to run off their energy and will not adapt well to short walks round the block.

Health:- Bloat and liver shunt.

Dog or Bitch:- Either.

 

DOBERMANN

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:- Guard and defence dogs

Size:- 25 to 27"

What are they like:- Active, boisterous and intelligent dog, needs lots of socialising while young, they bond closely with their owners and can be dominant.

Ease of training:- Easy if in the right hands as they need firm but gentle handling.

Coat Care:- Short coat needs little attention.

Suitable as a pet:- Only for an experienced owner, these dogs can be difficult and should be treated with respect.  They need a lot of socialising or you could end up with a very difficult and possibly aggressive dog.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 10, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems, wobbler syndrome, bloat and Von Willebrands disease and some heart problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be easier.

 

DOGUE DE BORDEAUX

Originated: - France

Original Purpose:- Watch dog, guard dog and hunting

Size:- 22 to 27.5"

What are they like:- Calm, friendly and brave dogs.  They can be dominant and need firm but gentle handling.  They are often very protective of their family and will bond closely with them.

Ease of training:- Easy if handled correctly and they are intelligent. They need gentle persuasion and an experienced owner.

Coat Care:- Short coat which needs little care, the fold in the face will need regular cleaning.

Suitable as a pet:- Only in the right hands, this is not a dog for everyone.  They also have a loose mouth, which means they are prone to slobbering!

Health:- Hip Dysplasia is beginning to appear, puppies should come from scored parents and the score should ideally be as low as possible.  Some cancers.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be easier.

 

ENGLISH SETTER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Gundog

Size:- 24 to 26.5"

What are they like:- Gentle dogs, possibly the easiest of the setters, bonds well with the family and is intelligent and very sociable with all.

Ease of training:- Easy, although can be a little stubborn at times.  They work best with the gentle touch.

Coat Care:- Medium length coat with feathering which needs regular grooming.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, makes good family dogs and will not usually cause anyone any problems.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average of 19, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems, cancer and skin problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either.

 

ENGLISH SPRINGER SPANIEL

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Gundog

Size:- 20"

What are they like:- Friendly, but lively and can sometimes be a bit mad.  They love family life, but do need plenty of exercise.

Ease of training:- Easy if handled correctly, they like to learn.

Coat Care:- Medium length coat, needs regular grooming especially the feathering.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, in an active household.  They need plenty of exercise and are sometimes slow to mature.  Working bred dogs are often extremely lively and do not always make good pets, as they have a very strong hunting instinct and are often completely mad and over the top.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average of 14, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems and ear problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier.

 

FLAT COATED RETRIEVER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Retrieving game

Size:- 21.5 to 24"

What are they like:- Intelligent, friendly and can be stubborn.  They are lively dogs and are usually more difficult than the Golden Retriever.

Ease of training:- Easy with patience.  They learn quickly but often need firm handling as they will try and get out of what you want, if they don't like it.

Coat Care:- Medium length coat, will need regular grooming especially the feathering.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, but they need lots of exercise.  They are friendly and will do well in a family environment.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 9, neither parents should have a higher score than the average, eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either, bitches can sometimes be a little easier.

 

FOX TERRIER (ROUGH AND SMOOTH)

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Vermin destroyer and hunting

Size:- 15.5 to 17.5"

What are they like:- Intelligent, lively and tough.  They learn quickly and are very confident dogs.

Ease of training:- Fairly, although they can be stubborn.

Coat Care:- There are two coat types, the rough needs hand stripping a few times a year and will need grooming once a week.  The smooth needs little special care.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, but they are often difficult with other dogs and care should be taken.  They usually love children and enjoy playing.

Health:- Eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will often be easier.

 

FRENCH BULLDOG

Originated: - France

Original Purpose:- Bull baiting and vermin destroyers.

Size:- 11.5"

What are they like:- Very loving and affectionate dogs.  They are very tolerant of children and enjoy playing with them.  They enjoy being part of the family and don't like being left alone.

Ease of training:- Intelligent and fairly easy to train, they need gentle handling and usually respond well to your voice.

Coat Care:- Short coat needs little care, fold of skin on the face will need regular cleaning.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, especially as a family dog as they enjoy playing around and don't need huge amounts of exercise.  Care should be taken in the heat.  They can occasionally be a bit difficult with other dogs, so plenty of socialising is needed when young to avoid this problem.

Health:- Eye problems, heart problems and some back problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG (USED TO BE CALLED ALSATION)

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:- Guarding stock.

Size:- 21.5 to 25.5"

What are they like:- Intelligent, sensitive, alert and protective.  Can be noisy and skittish and need huge amounts of socialising when young, or you will have problems.  Very much one person dogs!

Ease of training:- Easy of handled properly.  These dogs need an experienced owner, they can be a problem if not handled correctly and brought up properly!

Coat Care:- Both long and short coated dogs have a double layer coat and will need regular grooming.

Suitable as a pet:- Not for everyone.  These dogs need careful handling, proper socialising, they must be trained and brought up with care or you will end up with a neurotic and probably aggressive dog.  These dogs are often very noisy and very mouthy!

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 19, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, elbow dysplasia, eye problems, haemophilia, bloat, heart problems and anal furunculosis.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches are less dominant, but neither are easy.

 

GOLDEN RETRIEVER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Retrieving

Size:- 20 to 24"

What are they like:- Loving, sociable, intelligent and confident dogs.  usually great family dogs, but can be boisterous and slow to mature.

Ease of training:- Easy if gentle, but firm handling is used.  These are sensitive dogs and enjoy pleasing you.

Coat Care:- Medium length thick coat, will need regular grooming.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if given plenty of exercise.  They love family life and get on well with children.  Working bred dogs are much more active and will need lots of exercise and a job to do.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 19, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems, elbow dysplasia and OCD.

Dog or Bitch:- Either, although bitches are often easier.

 

GREAT DANE

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:- War dogs and hunting large game.

Size:- 28.5 to 31.5"

What are they like:- Intelligent and sensitive, very loyal and will bond well with the family.  They need plenty of socialising as they do not always like strangers.

Ease of training:- Easy if handled correctly.  They respond well to gentle but firm handling and will learn quickly if training is fun.

Coat Care:- Short coat, does not need special care.

Suitable as a pet:- Only if you have the space to accommodate them and give them plenty of exercise.  These are not a dog for everyone because of their super strength and large size.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 12, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, elbow dysplasia, OCD, heart problems, eye problems, bloat, cancer and are not very long livers.

Dog or Bitch:- Both can be difficult at times, bitches will be smaller.

 

GREYHOUND

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Coursing and racing

Size:- 26.5 to 30"

What are they like:- Calm and relaxed indoors, hardly ever bark, don't pull on the lead and very loving.  Fairly sociable with everyone, although bonds closely with their family and prefers their company. They are natural chasers and care must be taken when out that he doesn't run into the road.  Ideally they should only be let off the lead in a secure place!

Ease of training:- Fairly easy, although typical hound and can be independent and stubborn.

Coat Care:- Short coat, needs little care.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, very gentle dogs and do not need loads of exercise, they are sprinters and prefer a fast run, than a long walk.  very laid back at home and usually good with children.  Care should be taken with cats and small pets!

Health:- Can be sensitive to some drugs and some joint and back problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

HUNGARIAN PULI

Originated: - Hungary

Original Purpose:- Sheep herding and stock guarding

Size:- 14.5 to 17.5"

What are they like:- Intelligent and fun loving dogs.  Make great family pets and if you don't want all the coat to cope with, just clip it off, it will not do them any harm!  Great dogs for children because of their outgoing and friendly nature and they are very active and lively dogs.

Ease of training:- Easy, these are clever little dogs.

Coat Care:- If not clipped, the coat must be corded and not left to mat into an unmanageable mess!

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, great for all the family, love their exercise and would be great for agility.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 17, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

HUNGARIAN VIZSLA

Originated: - Hungary

Original Purpose:- Hunting and gundogs

Size:- 20.5 to 24"

What are they like:- Affectionate and intelligent dogs, love to learn and get on well with almost everyone.

Ease of training:- Easy, they like to please you.

Coat Care:- Neither short haired or wire haired dogs need a lot of attention.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, in an active household, these dogs do need plenty of exercise and will not do well with a short walk once a day.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 13, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

IRISH SETTER

Originated: - Ireland

Original Purpose:- Gundog

Size:- Approx. 25.5"

What are they like:- Very lively and a bit mad, they can be independent but will get on well with almost everyone and everything.

Ease of training:- Fairly easy, can be stubborn at times and take a while to mature.  They are very active and lively characters.

Coat Care:- Medium length coat which needs regular grooming and the feathering needs combing at least once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, only in an active household, these dogs need plenty of exercise.  They enjoy following scents and may not come back first time, but they do want to please you.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 16, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems and can be sensitive to antibiotics.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be easier, but both are a bit mad.

 

IRISH WOLFHOUND

Originated: - Ireland

Original Purpose:- Hunter of large game

Size:- 28 to 31.5"

What are they like:- Very gentle, loving dogs who enjoy family life.  They like children, like being involved in everything and get on well with most dogs.

Ease of training:- Easy if you train in the right way.  They need a very gentle approach with lots of praise and encouragement.  Do not bully a Wolfhound, they may break down and lose confidence.

Coat Care:- Rough coat, will need fairly regular grooming.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if you have the space to accommodate them and can give them plenty of company and plenty of exercise.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 6, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems, elbow dysplasia, liver shunt, heart problems, cancer and bloat.  These dogs do not live that long!

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

ITALIAN GREYHOUND

Originated: - Italy and Egypt

Original Purpose:- Companion and rabbit hunting

Size:- 12.5 to 15"

What are they like:- Very fast and active dogs, can sometimes be reserved with strangers, but loving to their family.

Ease of training:- Fairly easy, but can be cheeky so will need firm but gentle handling.

Coat Care:- Short coat needs little care.

Suitable as a pet:- Only if care is taken, these are fairly tough, but are also very elegant slightly made!  They need plenty of space to run and play.

Health:- Broken bones, especially while growing, sometimes have problem with anaesthetics, teeth problems and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier, especially with house training!

 

ITALIAN SPINONE

Originated: - Italy

Original Purpose:- Gundog

Size:- 22.5 to 27.5"

What are they like:- Lovely, friendly dogs, very affectionate and gentle with a laid back nature.  Can be very stubborn and have a strong hunting instinct.  Great family dogs, as they love to play with children.

Ease of training:- Fairly easy, but can be independent at times.  Needs gentle but firm handling.

Coat Care:- Rough coat, will need a groom about once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, very loving and definitely a great family dog, but does need plenty of exercise and will follow a scent and may not come back, so be careful where you let him go.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 15, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, elbow problems and car sickness problems!

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

JACK RUSSELL TERRIER (not kennel club registered)

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Ratters

Size:- Varies, approx 9.5 to 11.5"

What are they like:- Tough, brave and very lively dogs.  usually very playful, but can also be stubborn and dominant with both people and dogs.  They often have a very strong hunting instinct, so care must be taken with small pets!

Ease of training:- Easy, these are very clever dogs, but will easily get bored.  Need firm handling and fun training to get the best out of them.

Coat Care:- Has both rough and smooth coat, neither need a huge amount of care.

Suitable as a pet:- Only if care is taken with other dogs, they are very willing to stand up for themselves and will not back down from a potential fight!  Can be difficult at home if allowed to take advantage of their owners.  Enjoy playing and like plenty of exercise, they can be very yappy at times!

Health:- Patella problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches are often easier.

 

KING CHARLES SPANIEL

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Companion

Size:- 9.5 to 11.5"

What are they like:- Loving and friendly, enjoy family life and get on well with everyone and everything.  They are playful and happy little dogs and are great first dogs or older childs dog.

Ease of training:- Easy, but can be a little stubborn occasionally.

Coat Care:- Medium length coat, needs regular grooming and the feathering will need combing.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, great family dogs.

Health:- Some breathing problems due to their short face.

Dog or Bitch:- Either, bitches may be easier to house train.

 

LABRADOR RETRIEVER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Retrieving

Size:- 21.5 to 22.5"

What are they like:- Friendly and intelligent dogs who love the outdoor life.  Usually fine with other dogs, will need plenty of socialising while young and love family life.

Ease of training:- Easy, they enjoy learning and are great for obedience and agility.  They do have a fairly strong hunting instinct, but are pretty obedient.

Coat Care:- Short thick coat, needs little care.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if given plenty of exercise.  These dogs love water and will find it if given half a chance!  Working bred dogs are much more active and hunting obesssed, they will need a job to do, they need loads of exercise and will not be happy with a walk round the block.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 16, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems, ear problems and cancer.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier, but both are lovely.

 

LHASA APSO

Originated: - Tibet

Original Purpose:- Companions

Size:- 9.5"

What are they like:- Independent, don't like strangers, but enjoys their owners company.  Usually friendly with other dogs, but can be a little snobbish at times.

Ease of training:- Stubborn, need gentle persuasion rather than training, but will need a firm hand to make sure they don't take over!

Coat Care:- Very long coat, will need daily combing unless clipped.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, but because of their very stubborn nature care must be taken to ensure they do not get too bossy!

Health:- Hip Dysplasia is beginning to be noticed, eye problems and kidney problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier, especially with house training.

 

LURCHER      (Not kennel Club registered, this is a collie crossed with a running dog eg. Whippet)

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Coursing and hunting rabbits

Size:- Varies as this is not a true breed, there is no standard size!

What are they like:- Very lively, active dogs.  They needs lots of exercise and will chase virtually anything and everything.  They should only be allowed to run in enclosed and safe areas.  They are clever dogs, can be independent and some are aggressive with other dogs.

Ease of training:- Fairly, but because of their strong hunting instinct, this will always take over.  Need gentle and kind training as they are often sensitive dogs.

Coat Care:- Both rough and smooth coated, neither need huge amounts of care.

Suitable as a pet:- Only if given plenty of exercise, these dogs need to run off their energy.  If not properly occupied, they can be destructive and suffer behaviour problems.  Care should be taken around small pets because of their hunting instincts!

Health:- No problems known, not many breeders will health test their dogs!

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches are often easier.

 

MALTESE

Originated: - Italy and Malta

Original Purpose:- Companion

Size:- 7.5 to 9.5"

What are they like:- Friendly and playful little dogs, they are very clever and like the company of their owner.  Great family dog if you can cope with the coat, but this can be clipped off.

Ease of training:- Easy, these little dogs love to learn and want to please.  They are sensitive and need gentle handling.

Coat Care:- Very long coat, needs daily combing if not clipped.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, great family pets and older childs dog, these are also good for novice and first time owners.

Health:- Luxating patella

Dog or Bitch:- Either, bitches may be easier to house train.

 

MINIATURE SCHNAUZER

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:- Ratters and watch dogs

Size:- 13 to 14"

What are they like:- Lively and friendly dogs, very intelligent and can be cheeky.  They make great family pets, first dogs and older childs dog as they love to play.

Ease of training:- Easy, these are clever dogs, but can be a little stubborn at times!

Coat Care:- Rough coat, needs to be clipped a few times a year.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, make ideal fun family dogs, although they can be a bit reserved with strangers.

Health:- Eye problems

Dog or Bitch:- Either, bitches may be easier.

 

NEWFOUNDLAND

Originated: - Canada

Original Purpose:- Fishermans dog and used to pull heavy loads.

Size:- 26 to 28"

What are they like:- Very sociable and gentle dogs, friendly with everyone and everything and loves water!  It will protect the family if needed, but is great with children.

Ease of training:- Fairly, if done in the right way, these can be very sensitive dogs and need gentle but firm handling.

Coat Care:- Medium length thick coat, needs a regular brush and comb through.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if you have the room and the patience.  They will home in on water if given half a chance.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 29, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, elbow dysplasia and heart problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either if handled correctly.

 

NORFOLK TERRIER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Hunting foxes and rabbits.

Size:- Approx 9.5"

What are they like:- Happy and lively dogs, brave and clever and they love to play.  Get on fairly well with other dogs, considering they are a terrier!  They also love to dig and can be stubborn.

Ease of training:- Fairly, as they learn quite quickly, but they can be independent.

Coat Care:- Wiry coats which will need hand stripping a couple of times a year.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, they are great for all the family, but need plenty of socialising and quite a bit of exercise.

Health:- Heart problems, skin problems and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be easier.

 

NORWICH TERRIER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Hunting foxes and rabbits.

Size:- Approx 9.5"

What are they like:- Happy and lively dogs, brave and clever and they love to play.  Get on fairly well with other dogs, considering they are a terrier!  They also love to dig and can be stubborn.

Ease of training:- Fairly, as they learn quite quickly, but they can be independent.

Coat Care:- Wiry coats which will need hand stripping a couple of times a year.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, they are great for all the family, but need plenty of socialising and quite a bit of exercise.

Health:- Heart problems, skin problems and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be easier.

 

OLD ENGLISH SHEEPDOG

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Sheep herding

Size:- 22 to 23.5"

What are they like:- Intelligent but stubborn, very boisterous and lively and love to play.

Ease of training:- Easy most of the time, they are quite sensitive and need gentle but firm handling.

Coat Care:- Long and very thick coat, will need daily brushing and a thorough weekly groom.  If you don't want to cope with the coat, it can be clipped off.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if you have plenty of time to exercise him and give him the time and attention he needs.  They must be socialised when young and need to be trained as they can be difficult if allowed to do as they like!

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 21, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems, some deafness and skin problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches are likely to be easier

 

PAPILLON

Originated: - Belgium and France

Original Purpose:- Companion

Size:- Approx 11"

What are they like:- Playful and loving, like to learn and bond closely with their owners.  Usually love everyone and are great with all the family.

Ease of training:- Easy, these dogs are great at obedience and agility even though they are small.

Coat Care:- Medium length coat, will need weekly grooming and combing of the extra hairy bits.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, ideal first dog or older childs dog.  They are great fun and very quick to learn.

Health:- Eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

PARSONS JACK RUSSELL TERRIER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Ratters and rabbit hunting

Size:- 13 to 13.5"

What are they like:- Active and brave, can be dominant and independent and love to play.

Ease of training:- Fairly, they are clever but can also be stubborn.

Coat Care:- Rough or smooth coat, neither need huge amounts of care.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if properly socialised and trained.  These are often more even tempered than the smaller Jack Russell.

Health:- Eye problems and some deafness.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will often be easier.

 

PEKINGESE

Originated: - China

Original Purpose:- Companion

Size:- 7.5"

What are they like:- Stubborn and selfish, but also brave and very affectionate to their owners.  They are not keen on strangers and do not particularly like children.

Ease of training:- Can be difficult and knows his own mind, but with patient and firm handling, will be ok.

Coat Care:- Long thick coat, will need daily grooming if not clipped.

Suitable as a pet:- Depends what you want!  They like to do their own thing, they enjoy exercise if not allowed to get fat and they will often be happier in a quiet and calm home.

Health:- Back and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either, both can be equally stubborn.

 

POINTER (ENGLISH)

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Gundog

Size:- 24.5 to 27.5"

What are they like:- Very lively and far rangeing dogs, affectionate and very loving to their owners.  Usually fine with everyone and everything.

Ease of training:- Easy, if trained correctly.  They need firm but gentle handling as they are quite sensitive dogs.

Coat Care:- Short coat, needs little care.

Suitable as a pet:- Only for the active household, these dogs needs lots of exercise and like to run.  Socialising is necessary while young to have a well mannered dog.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 11, neither parents should ideally have a higher score the averge, skin problems and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches are often easier.

 

POINTER (GERMAN SHORT HAIR)

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:- Gundog

Size:- 22.5 to 26"

What are they like:- Lively, active, brave, playful and intelligent. Can sometimes be reserved with strangers, but usually get on well with other dogs.

Ease of training:- Fairly easy, they are clever and need a job to do, but can be distracted by their nose.

Coat Care:- Short easy care coat

Suitable as a pet:- Only for an active household, these dogs need plenty of exercise and space to run.  They have a good nose and are more than happy to follow a scent.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average of 10, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the averge.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

POINTER (GERMAN WIRE HAIRED)

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:- Gundog

Size:- 11 to 26.5"

What are they like:- Intelligent and lively, sometimes known to be dominant, so needs a firm hand.

Ease of training:- Not as easy as the shorthaired as they can be difficult, but if trained correctly, they will be fine.

Coat Care:- Wiry coat, will need some hand stripping and a good brush once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Only for an active household and an experienced owner and they need plenty of exercise.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average of 11, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye and skin problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be easier.

 

POMERANIAN

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:- Companion

Size:- 7 to 11"

What are they like:- Lively and friendly, they are happy dogs who usually get on with everyone and everything.  Don't let children grab them, this can make them shy as they are only small!

Ease of training:- Easy, they love to learn, especially tricks.  Make training fun and you will be fine.

Coat Care:- Fluffy coat, will need combing through about once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Only in the right home, they are not suitable for everyone!

Health:- Slipping patella, teeth problems and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either, bitches may be easier to house train.

 

POODLE (TOY)

Originated: - France

Original Purpose:- companion

Size:- 9.5 to 11"

What are they like:- Lively, fun loving and playful dogs, usually keen to learn and ideal for first dog or older childs dog.

Ease of training:- Easy, they do well in obedience and agility and love their training.

Coat Care:- Fluffy/frizzy thick coat, will need clipping about every 8 weeks and brushing about once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, they are really fun little dogs.

Health:- Eye problems, slipping patella, ear problem, teeth problems and epilepsy.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

POODLE (MINIATURE)

Originated: - France

Original Purpose:- companion

Size:- 11 to 13.5"

What are they like:- Lively, fun loving and playful dogs, usually keen to learn and ideal for first dog or older childs dog.

Ease of training:- Easy, they do well in obedience and agility and love their training.

Coat Care:- Fluffy/frizzy thick coat, will need clipping about every 8 weeks and brushing about once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, they are really fun little dogs.

Health:- Eye problems, slipping patella, mouth problems and epilepsy.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

POODLE (STANDARD)

Originated: - France

Original Purpose:- Water retrieving and hunting dog

Size:- 17.5 to 22.5"

What are they like:- Lively and active, full of energy and can be boisterous.  Enjoys company and likes to learn.

Ease of training:- Easy, does well in obedience and agility.  Needs to be occupied as a bored poodle will get into trouble!

Coat Care:- Fluffy/frizzy thick coat, will need clipping about every 8 weeks and brushing about once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if occupied and given plenty of exercise.  These are lively and excitable dogs.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 15, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems, skin problems epilepsy and bloat.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier.

 

PUG

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Companion

Size:- 13.5"

What are they like:- Stubborn, but sensitive dogs who love family life and are great with children.

Ease of training:- Not always easy as they can be very difficult at times.  If trained with gentle, but firm handling, they will often be fine.

Coat Care:- Short coat, needs little care.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if you are stronger willed than they are.  Great family dogs and full of fun.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia is starting to appear.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches are often easier.

 

RHODESIAN RIDGEBACK

Originated: - Zimbabwe

Original Purpose:-Big game hunting, particularly lions (tracking and trapping) and a watchdog.

Size:- 24 to 27.5"

What are they like:- Intelligent and very brave, they are protective, reserved with strangers and very strong.  Need lots of socialising when young to avoid problems later on.  They can be dominant with both other dogs and people.

Ease of training:- Not easy unless you are an experienced and confident owner.  They can be very stubborn and strong willed and have the strength to easily refuse to do what you want!

Coat Care:- Short coat, needs little care.

Suitable as a pet:- Not really, these are not easy dogs and are very powerful.  They need a lot of exercise and plenty of space at home.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 12, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, sinus problems and OCD.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be easier, but both can be hard work.

 

ROTTWEILER

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:- Watchdog, guard dog and stock guarding

Size:- 22 to 26.5"

What are they like:- Protective, intelligent, strong willed, dominant and needs lots of socialising while young.

Ease of training:- Very if done the right way, they need gentle but firm handling and respond well to praise and encouragement.  They will not be bullied and can be sensitive.

Coat Care:- Short coated, needs little care.

Suitable as a pet:- If with an experienced and calm owner, with plenty of space and lots of time to spend training and socialising them.  Care must be taken with other dogs, as these can be dominant and pushy and will not think twice about defending themselves or you and your family!

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 13, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, elbow dysplasia, eye problems, OCD, some heart problems and cancer.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be easier, but both can be hard work.

 

ROUGH COLLIE

Originated: - Scotland

Original Purpose:- Sheep herders

Size:- 20 to 24"

What are they like:- Sensitive sometimes to the point of being over sensitive, fairly intelligent, loving to their family, but do not always like strangers.

Ease of training:- Sometimes, they can be stubborn and do not take kindly to rough handling.

Coat Care:- Thick, long coat, will need a good groom about once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, in the right home.  Usually good with children and other dogs.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 13, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems, skin and mouth problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

SALUKI

Originated: - Iran

Original Purpose:- Hunting fast prey

Size:- 22.5 to 28"

What are they like:- Very independent, very fast, dislike strangers and have a strong hunting instinct.  Very noble and elegant dogs!

Ease of training:- Not very easy, they are stubborn and do not enjoy learning.

Coat Care:- Short coat, needs little care, but the feathers will need combing.

Suitable as a pet:- No, these dogs cannot be allowed to run free except in a secure area, they will fun in a straight line and often won't come back.  Some are fine with other dogs, others can be very difficult.  Care must be taken with small pets and cats.

Health:- Hypothyroidism

Dog or Bitch:- Neither will be easy.

 

SCOTTISH TERRIER

Originated: - Scotland

Original Purpose:- hunting rats and rabbits

Size:- 9.5 to 11"

What are they like:- Independent, stubborn and wilful, but also playful and full of fun.  Can be dominant and difficult with other dogs.  They need lots of socialising while young to help reduce these problems.

Ease of training:- Not easy, typical terrier and needs a firm hand.

Coat Care:- Needs clipping a few times a year and will need grooming in between times.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, in the right home.  They like their own space and should be respected for this, they like plenty of exercise, but will adapt to reduced exercise if necessary.

Health:- Scottie cramp

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be easier.

 

SHAR-PEI

Originated: - China

Original Purpose:- Dog fighting, hunting and protection

Size:- 18.5 to 22.5"

What are they like:- Active and dominant, very brave and know their own minds, but are very loving to their family.  Need lots of socialising while young.

Ease of training:- Not easy, will need an experienced owner.

Coat Care:- Bristly coat, they will need their folds of skin regularly cleaned.

Suitable as a pet:- No, these are not easy dogs, they often have problems with other dogs and can be dominant with people.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average score of 18, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems, skin problems and kidney problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Neither are easy, bitches will be better.

 

SHETLAND SHEEPDOG

Originated: - Scotland

Original Purpose:- Sheep herding and crofters dogs

Size:- 14 to 14.5"

What are they like:- Very intelligent, loving with their family, reserved with strangers and enjoy training.  They are fun loving and playful dogs and fit in with most families.  They are prone to being quite yappy, especially when excited!

Ease of training:- Very easy if treated gentle and encouraged.

Coat Care:- Long, thick coat will need weekly grooming.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, suitable for first time owners, novice owners and older childs dog.  They get on well with other dogs and enjoy their exercise.

Health:- Hip Dysplasia with an average of 18, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

SHIH TZU

Originated: - Tibet

Original Purpose:- Companion

Size:- Approx 9.5"

What are they like:- Clever, but independent and wilful.  They will not be bullied and like to have their own way.  They can be snobby sometimes, but usually get on well with all the family and most other dogs.

Ease of training:- Not very, they don't like being told what to do.

Coat Care:- Very long coat, if not clipped they will need a lot of grooming, preferably daily.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, in the right home.

Health:- Patella problems, mouth and breathing problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be easier.

 

SIBERIAN HUSKY

Originated: - Alaska

Original Purpose:- Sled dogs

Size:- 20 to 23.5"

What are they like:- Independent and stubborn, but very clever and loving.  They like attention and dislike being left alone for long periods.  They must be kept occupied and well exercised, a bored Husky will cause you a lot of problems!

Ease of training:- Varies, if treated well and encouraged, but with a firm hand, they can do well.

Coat Care:- Thick coat, will need a good groom regularly.

Suitable as a pet:- No, these dogs cannot be allowed to run free except in a secure area, they will not come back!  They need an awful lot of exercise and will not tire easily.

Health:- Hip dysplasia with an average score of 7, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average, eye problems and dislike the heat.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be easier, but both are hard work.

 

SMOOTH COLLIE

Originated: - Scotland

Original Purpose:- Sheep herding

Size:- 20 to 24"

What are they like:- Lively and intelligent dogs, very loving and friendly with everyone and everything.

Ease of training:- Easy, these like to learn and want to please you.  Training must be gentle and encouraging to get the best results.

Coat Care:- Smooth coat, but will need a groom about once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, they are great for novice owners and older childs dog.

Health:- Eye problems

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Dog fighting and ratting

Size:- 13.5 to 16.5"

What are they like:- Very strong, loving and brave with a fun loving and boisterous temperament.  They get on well with all the family, love children but can be argumentative with other dogs!  They need lots of socialising while young.

Ease of training:- Very with firm but gentle handling.  They love to please and enjoy the attention.

Coat Care:- Short coat, needs little care.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if care is taken with other dogs, they make great family pets and love to play.

Health:- Eye problems

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches will be less dominant.

 

TIBETAN TERRIER

Originated: - Tibet

Original Purpose:- Companion

Size:- 14 to 17"

What are they like:- Stubborn, brave and tough, but also very clever and cheeky.  They can be difficult with other dogs if not properly socialised while young.

Ease of training:- Fairly, they are clever enough to learn, depending on their mood!

Coat Care:- Long coat, will need daily grooming if not clipped.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, most of the time, they usually get on great with all the family, but care should be taken with other dogs.

Health:- Hip dysplasia with an average score of 16, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier.

 

WEIMARANER

Originated: - Germany

Original Purpose:- Hunting dog

Size:- 22.5 to 27.5"

What are they like:- Dominant, lively and active dogs.  They can be difficult with other dogs and sometimes with their families.  These are not easy dogs and need to be well socialised when young.

Ease of training:- Yes, in the right hands, they need firm but gentle handling.

Coat Care:- Short and long coated, neither need special care, the longhaired will need a groom once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Not unless you are an experienced and confident owner, these dogs can take over and are not easy.  They need a lot of exercise and will not be happy with a short walk or a small garden.

Health:- Hip dysplasia with an average score of 13, neither parents should ideally have a higher score than the average.

Dog or Bitch:- Dogs can be very dominant!

 

WELSH CORGI (PEMBROKE AND CARDIGAN)

Originated: - Wales

Original Purpose:- Droving dogs

Size:- Cardigan 12" and Pembroke 9.5 to 12"

What are they like:- Lively and fun loving dogs.  They are intelligent and enjoy learning and lots of attention.  They need lots of socialising when young as they can be snappy with other dogs.  Pembroke has the tail and the Cardigan doesn't.

Ease of training:- Yes, with firm but gentle handling and lots of praise.

Coat Care:- Fairly thick coat, needs a brush about once a week.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, usually fine with children and like lots of exercise, but can be stubborn.

Health:- Eye and back problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Bitches may be easier!

 

WEST HIGHLAND WHITE TERRIER

Originated: - Scotland

Original Purpose:- Vermin control

Size:- 11"

What are they like:- Active and lively, usually very playful and great with all the family.  Can sometimes be difficult with other dogs and need plenty of socialising when young.

Ease of training:- Fairly, but they are a typical terrier and can be stubborn at times.

Coat Care:- Rough coat, will need clipping a few times a year and grooming in between.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, if care is taken with other dogs.  They like lots of exercise, but will cope with less if necessary.

Health:- Skin problems and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Dogs can be more aggressive with other dogs.

 

WHIPPET

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Hunting and coursing

Size:- 17.5 to 20"

What are they like:- Stubborn, but loving and playful.  They usually love children and are very tolerant.  Care must be taken with small animals and cats and they have a very strong chasing instinct, so you must be careful where you let them run free!

Ease of training:- Not very, typical hound, they know their own mind.

Coat Care:- Short coat, needs little care

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, great family dogs if you can cope with the chasing.

Health:- Very delicate skin.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

YORKSHIRE TERRIER

Originated: - England

Original Purpose:- Ratters

Size:- Weight between 4.5 and 6.5lb

What are they like:- Intelligent, lively, active and playful.  They can be noisy and a bit too brave for their own good.  They need plenty of socialising as they can be shy with people and snappy with other dogs.

Ease of training:- Fairly easy, they are quick to learn, but can be stubborn.

Coat Care:- Very long and silky coat, will need daily grooming if not clipped.

Suitable as a pet:- Yes, gets on well with most people, but children must not be allowed to pester them as they will not tolerate it.

Health:- Teeth problems and eye problems.

Dog or Bitch:- Either

 

All breeds of dog should be properly socialised and attend puppy socialisation and basic training classes to have the best start in life.

 

 

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Website created by Manda Smith 30.01.04, updated 14 November 2010